The Scottish Offshore Wind Energy Council (SOWEC) has released a report to support industry planning for the reallocation of oil and gas infrastructure for the production of green and blue hydrogen on the UK continental shelf.
The report was commissioned from engineering and technical consulting Vysus Group.
The report points out that steam methane reforming (SMR) for the production of blue hydrogen and electrolysis for the production of green hydrogen are both commercially viable, but in the medium term, electrolysis will be the preferred process. for offshore hydrogen production, because it does not carry the greenhouse. SMR gas emission charge.
Although SMR currently enjoys a cost advantage, the costs of electrolyzers are expected to decrease significantly as the market grows, the report says.
During the period 2021 to 2050, covered by the report, the Scottish government plans to increase production from small-scale operations, with a production capacity of around 200 MW per unit of green hydrogen to over 25 GW. in total by 2045.
The majority of green production is expected to occur offshore on a large scale, the report says.
The results of the study suggest that the UK benefits from a well-developed regulatory framework experienced in regulating onshore and offshore sites with the potential for a major accident.
He also found that knowledge of existing regimes suggests that regulations, codes and standards can be easily applied to assets reallocated to house hydrogen production equipment at sea.
The report’s release follows the recent process of leasing offshore wind farms from Crown Estate Scotland for Innovation and Targeted Oil and Gas (INTOG) to help decarbonize Scotland’s oil and gas sector.
It also follows the opening of the Scottish Government’s consultation on a new planning process that will inform the areas to be made available for seabed leases.
For example, DCR regulations for use in the offshore oil and gas industry have found application in the management of safety in the design of offshore substations.
Brian McFarlane, Co-President of SOWEC said: âOffshore wind is at the heart of a successful energy transition.
âScotland has a world-class oil, gas and marine engineering supply chain.
“This report highlights the willingness of Scottish companies to switch to hydrogen and also presents a roadmap on the political, economic, regulatory and technological steps needed to enable the transition.”